While showing interest in a company is important, you should also provide interviewers with a glimpse of who you are as a person, Eva Gordon writes. For instance, discuss a few activities that you enjoy outside of work, such as any volunteering you do
Lunch meetings are fine when they involve colleagues, but they should be avoided for job interviews, Donna Svei writes. Interviewers typically don't get all the information they're looking for, and potential hires don't get to eat their meals.
During an informational interview, job seekers should be prepared to ask specific questions about various aspects of a job, experts say. This article offers 30 specific questions, including inquiring about typical career paths in an organization and what skills and experience are needed.
A study from the University of Chicago indicates that following up with interviewers over the phone is more effective than sending follow-up e-mails. "If you want to seem sincere and smart, tell them, don’t write it," says Nicholas Epley, a professor at the University of Chicago.
Try to find something you have in common with your interviewer within the first few minutes of meeting him or her, advises author Herminia Ibarra. "If both parties somehow establish some important common ground early on by noting, for example, that they share a hometown, an alma mater, or a common acquaintance, the chances that the interview will go well go up exponentially," she says.
In order to improve your interviewing skills, you must first understand that there is no set pattern in which interviews are conducted. And, the question you will be asked vary from interview to interview. For purposes of clear understanding, typical interview questions fall into one of four categories.
This article focuses on answering generic questions effectively. These are the questions asked in most interviews. Questions such as “Where do you want to be in five years?” and “What are your strengths?”
(This post is the 6th in a series of 7 fundamental steps every job seeker must take in order to prepare for a successful job search. This series is based on the works of the late Michael Farr, arguably the founder of the self-directed job search movement, and my work with literally thousands of career-oriented job seekers over the past 25+ years.)
Unfortunately, most job seekers do not present the skills they have to do the job effectively. This lack of performance in interviews is one reason why employers will often hire a job seeker who does well in the interview instead of someone with better credentials.
But, before we get to how to answer interview questions effectively, let’s discuss some of the other elements that lead of effectively interviewing. As I’m a firm believer in giving credit where credit is due, I will be drawing from one of the most clearly defined descriptions of how to improve your interviewing skills I’ve ever read. I’ve taught these principles with great success for nearly 30 years, and they come from the works of the late J. Michael Farr. And nothing has changed, because we’re working here with relationship building and effective communications. Here we go!
Your First Impression May Be the Only One You Make
Some research suggests that, if the interviewer forms a negative impression in the first five minutes of an interview, your chances of getting a job offer approach zero. I know from experience that many job seekers can create a lasting negative impression in seconds.
A positive first impression is so important. Here are some suggestions to help you get off to a good start: (I know...this may seem obvious, but you no idea how many people still don’t get the picture. So, it bears mentioning here.)
Dress and groom like the interviewer is likely to be dressed - but cleaner!
Employer surveys find that almost half of all people’s dress or grooming create an initial negative impression. So this is a big problem. If necessary, get advice on your interviewing outfits from someone who dresses well. Pay close attention to your grooming, too. Little things do count.
Leave in plenty of time to be a few minutes early to an interview. My suggestion is 15 minutes. No later...no earlier!
Be friendly and respectful with the receptionist.
Doing otherwise will often get back to the interviewer and result in a quick rejection.
Follow the interviewer’s lead in the first few minutes.
It’s often informal small talk but very important for that person to see how you interact. This is a good time to make a positive comment on the organization or even something you see in the office. (Be genuine in your expression, or say nothing. By the way, if you can’t say something positive about the organization, what are you doing at the interview in the first place.)
Do some homework on the organization before you go.
You can often get information on a business and on industry trends from the Internet. Almost all business now have some Internet presence, so your research capability is quite extensive.
Make a good impression before you arrive.
Your resume, e-mails, applications, and other written correspondence create an impression before the interview, so make them professional and error free.
A Traditional Interview Is Not Necessarily a Friendly Exchange
In a traditional interview situation, there is a job opening, and you will be one of several who’ve applied for it. In this setting, the employer’s task is to eliminate all applicants but one or a few. The interviewer’s questions are designed to elicit information that can be used to screen you out. and our objective is to avoid getting screened out. It’s hardly an open and honest interaction, is it?
This illustrates yet another advantage of setting up interviews before an opening exists. This eliminates the stress of a traditional interview. Employers are not trying to screen you out, and you are not trying to keep them from finding out stuff about you.
Having said that, knowing how to answer questions that might be asked in a traditional interview is good preparation for any interview you face.
How To Answer Traditional Interview Questions.
Your answers to a few key questions may determine if you get a job offer. There are simply too many possible interview questions to cover one by one. Instead, the 10 basic questions that follow cover variations of most other interview questions. So, if you can learn to answer these 10 questions well, you will know how to answer most others.
Top 10 Traditional (or Generic) Interview Questions
Why should I hire you?
Why don’t you tell me about yourself?
What are your major strengths?
What are your major weaknesses?
What sort of pay do you expect to receive?
How does your previous experience relate to the jobs we have here?
What are our plans for the future?
What will your former employer (or reference) say about you?
Why are you looking for this type of position, and why here?
Why don’t you tell me about your personal situation?
The Three-Step Process for Answering Generic Interview Questions
I know this might seem too simple, but the three-step process is easy to remember and can help you create a good answer to most interview questions. The technique has worked for thousands of people, so consider trying it. The three steps are
Understand what is really being asked.
Answer the question briefly.
Answer the real concern.
Step 1. Understand what is really being asked.
Most questions are designed to find out about your self-management skills and personality, but interviewers are rarely this blunt. The employer’s real question is often one or more of the following.
Can I depend on you?
Are you easy to get along with?
Are you a good worker?
Do you have the experience and training to do the job if we hire you?
Are you likely to stay on the job for a reasonable period of time and be productive?
Ultimately, if you don’t convince the employer that you will stay and be a good worker, it won’t matter if you have the best credentials - they won’t hire you.
Step 2. Answer the question briefly.
Present the facts of your particular work experience, but...present them as advantages, not disadvantages.
Many interview questions encourage you to provide negative information. One classic question that encourages you to provide negative information is “What are your major weaknesses?” Many people are just not prepared to answer this question effectively!
However you answer questions, your answer is not complete until you continue with Step 3.
Step 3. Answer the real concern by presenting your related skills.
Base your answer on the key skills you have that support the job, and give examples to support these skills.
Whatever your situation, learn to answer questions that present you well. It’s essential to communicate your skills during an interview, and the 3-step process can help you answer problem questions and improve your responses dramatically. It works!
The Most Important Interview Question of All: “Why Should I Hire you?”
This is the most important question to answer well. Do you have a convincing argument why someone should hire you over someone else? If you don’t you probably won’t get that job you really want. So think carefully about why someone should hire you and practice your response. Then, make sure you communicate this in the interview, even if the interviewer never asks the question in a clear way.
How’s this for a powerful example of how to answer this question:
“The reason you should hire me is because I’m dependable, easy to get along with, I’m a good worker, and I have the experience and training to do the job if you hire me, and I accept a job offer. Let me give you an example…”
Of course, this all has to be true. AND, you need to be able to validate your claims with real life examples.
Close the Interview Effectively
Most interviews simply end with a fizzle, but there are some things you can do while an interview is ending that can make a difference. Even if you are not certain you want this job, it is wise to go after a job offer - you can always turn it down later. And, it is quite possible that there are other jobs with the same employer, if the interviewer likes you.
Emphasize your key skills.
Tell the interviewer why they should hire you over someone else by reviewing the skills you have to do this job.
Ask for the job.
If you do want the job, say so! Employers want to hire people who are enthusiastic about doing the sort of work they need done.
Arrange to call back.
Ask for a specific time and date to call the employer back and ask questions or learn of your status.
Don’t Say “No” Too Quickly
Never, ever turn down a job offer during an interview! Instead, thank the interviewer for the offer and ask to consider the offer overnight. You can turn it down tomorrow, saying how much you appreciate the offer and asking to be considered for other jobs that pay better or whatever.
But, this is not time to be playing games. If you want the job, you should say so. And it is okay to ask for additional pay or other concessions. But if you simply can’t accept the offer, say why and ask the interviewer to keep you in mind for future opportunities. You just never know.
Here is good information by Michael Neece, Monster Contributing Writer
It's tough to avoid typical interview
traps if you're unsure what they are. Here are six to watch out
1. Confusing an Interview with an
Most candidates expect to be
interrogated. An interrogation occurs when one person asks all the questions
and the other gives the answers. An interview is a business conversation in
which both people ask and respond to questions. Candidates who expect to be
interrogated avoid asking questions, leaving the interviewer in the role of
2. Making a So-Called Weakness Seem
Interviewers frequently ask candidates,
"What are your weaknesses?" Conventional interview wisdom dictates
that you highlight a weakness like "I'm a perfectionist," and turn it
into a positive. Interviewers are not impressed, because they've probably heard
the same answer a hundred times. If you are asked this question, highlight a
skill that you wish to improve upon and describe what you are doing to enhance
your skill in this area. Interviewers don't care what your weaknesses are. They
want to see how you handle the question and what your answer indicates about
3. Failing to Ask Questions
Every interview concludes with the
interviewer asking if you have any questions. The worst thing to say is that
you have no questions. Having no questions prepared indicates you are not
interested and not prepared. Interviewers are more impressed by the questions
you ask than the selling points you try to make. Before each interview, make a
list of five questions you will ask. "I think a good question is, ‘Can you
tell me about your career?'" says Kent Kirch, director of global
recruiting at Deloitte. "Everybody likes to talk about themselves, so
you're probably pretty safe asking that question."
4. Researching the Company But Not
Candidates intellectually prepare by researching
the company. Most job seekers do not research themselves by taking inventory of
their experience, knowledge and skills. Formulating a list of accomplishments
prepares you to immediately respond to any question about your experience. You
must be prepared to discuss any part of your background. Creating your talent
inventory refreshes your memory and helps you immediately remember experiences
you would otherwise have forgotten during the interview.
5. Leaving Your Cellphone On
We may live in a wired,
always-available society, but a ringing cellphone is not appropriate for an
interview. Turn it off before you enter the company.
6. Waiting for a Call
Time is your enemy after the interview.
After you send a thank-you letter to every interviewer, follow up a couple
of days later with either a question or additional information. Try to contact
the person who can hire you, and assume that everyone you met with has some say
in the process. Additional information can be details about your talents, a
recent competitor's press release or industry trends. Your intention is to keep
everyone's memory of you fresh.
Must job seekers (but certainly not all) have this part of
the interview process nailed. Firm hand
shake, smile on your face, dressed for success.
The 21st century interview process has moved way
beyond that now. Showing up dressed for
success, and answering some traditional questions fairly adequately doesn’t
work as well anymore.
Your job is to surprise
and delight, and to change the agenda.
Your job is to reset expectations and make the interviewer delighted that
you could be part of the team (assuming the interviewer is the decision-maker).
Showing up is overrated.
Necessary, but not nearly sufficient.